Collection: IDEAS FACTORY

Research

LYCRA

Lycra or Spandex is a synthetic fiber used mostly for clothing such as sportswear, swimsuits, underwear, etc. 

"LYCRA® fiber enhances each fabric and garment in which it is used, providing a comfortable fit wash after wash, perfect shape move after move, lasting performance time after time, and ultimate durability day after day."

Source: https://www.lycra.com/en/About/LYCRA-SPANDEX-FAQ

LYCRA is the brand. 

  • Lycra -> Flexible -> stretch -> yoga
  • Lycra -> comfort
  • Lycra -> bikinis -> summer -> fun

"Lycra often is blended with other fabrics, such as cotton, nylon and polyester to give a garment an additional level of comfort. Only a small percentage of Lycra is used---3 to 10 per cent---depending on the item and its use. The practice is so common that most people have Lycra- (or spandex) blended garment in their closet, in the form of jeans, a hoodie or a sweater."

Source: http://www.ehow.co.uk/about_5433959_properties-lycra-fabric.html

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Source: http://www.fibre2fashion.com/sustainability-plus/invista/products.asp

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Source: https://es.pinterest.com/pin/443675000778003895/

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Ernesto Neto

Brazilian sculptor who uses a lot of textures in his work (including lycra). 

"His practice explores the boundaries of physical and social space through interactive, tactile, and biomorphic structures."

Source: http://www.artnet.com/artists/ernesto-neto/

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Erwin Wurm

Austrian sculptor, performer and photographer. He is well-known for his "one minute sculptures". 

Many of his work involves human silhouettes.

  • Thats why lycra is a good media 

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Source: https://i.pinimg.com/736x/64/6f/75/646f756da93eda80bd530294979cf013--erwin-wurm.jpg

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Source: https://i.pinimg.com/236x/47/6b/a8/476ba81fe67edbff3e576083893be315--erwin-wurm-weird-world.jpg

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Source: https://i.pinimg.com/236x/09/69/08/096908729fbe9983a87f233c9a87739f.jpg

 

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FOLD

"Paper", "clothes", "order", "origami", "boardgames", "laundry" and "sofa-beds" were some of the words that came out when me and my group were brainstorming about the process FOLD.

We fold everyday: papers, clothes after laundry, blankets after napping, etc. 

"to bend something, especially paper or cloth, so that one part of it lies on the other part, or to be able to be bent in this way:

  • I folded the letter (in half) and put it in an envelope.
  • He had a neatly folded handkerchief in his jacket pocket.
  • Will you help me to fold (up) the sheets?
  • The table folds up when not in use.

[ T ] literary to wrap:

  • She folded her baby in a blanket.
  • He folded his arms around her."

Source: http://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/fold

After thinking of the word "wrap" I realized that the verb "fold" could also apply for food, people, animals. The possibilities grew. 

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Origami

"Folding Techniques for Designers: From Sheet to Form" by Paul Jackson

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Yoga

"A system of physical postures, breathing techniques, and sometimes meditation derived from Yoga but often practiced independently especially in Western cultures to promote physical and emotional well-being."

Source: https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/yoga

A lot of yoga postures involve people folding themselves. 

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Source: https://es.pinterest.com/pin/321725967121865853/

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Source: https://es.pinterest.com/pin/138204282286833554/

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Source: https://es.pinterest.com/pin/346355027583024026/

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Clothes

"Dress Pattern Designing: The Basic Principles of Cut and Fit" by Natalie Bray

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Angelo Figus (Winter 2000-2001)

The moldes of this piece will be cut, sewed together and then be folded when ironing it. 

"Wrap & Drape Fashion: History, Design & Drawing" by Elisabetta 'Kuky' Drudi

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People literally being wrapped by fabric/clothes. 

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Foldable Objects

Foldable -> Less space occupied. 

Collapsible Garment Hanger

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Source: https://i.pinimg.com/736x/14/39/4a/14394af98b77c92e7c2cb53904a18359.jpg

Chair 

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Source: https://es.pinterest.com/pin/408349891199001290/

Pax/Shelfs, and Table

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Source: https://es.pinterest.com/pin/93801604719995533/

Hand fan

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Source: https://es.pinterest.com/pin/522628731742910909/

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MASOCHISM

"Pleasure in being abused or dominated :a taste for suffering"

Source: 

https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/masochism

Love/hate, Fiscally/mentally, pleasure/pain, submissive/dominant. The relationship between each pair of words is what makes masochism so interesting and ironic (for me). Before doing research and asking my classmates what they thought of this activity, I knew it have something to do with sex and having pleasure on pain. 

What materials are involved in the act masochism? Whips, belts, ropes, duck tapes, handcuffs, etc. When I think of those objects the fist word that comes to my head is VIOLENCE. 

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"A Defence of Masochism" by Anita Phillips (1998)

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It is ironic how the masochist in this story was feeling abused by the lack of concern that the sadist had for her but not because of the violence she received by him. I think that submissives enjoy dominants treating them as objects (or something that is less important than being human). This act could lead to obsession and more violence.

Taboo: "An inhibition or ban resulting from social custom or emotional aversion."

Source: https://www.vocabulary.com/dictionary/taboo

Sadomasochism

"Sadism and masochism, often interrelated (one person obtaining sadistic pleasure by inflicting pain or suffering on another person who thereby obtains masochistic pleasure), are collectively known as S&M or sadomasochism. BDSM is a short-hand acronym for many subdivisions of the culture: (B&D) bondage and discipline, (D&S) domination and submission, (S&M) sadism and masochism. The term BDSM describes the quite common activities between consenting adults that contain sadistic and masochistic elements. Many behaviors such as erotic spanking, tickling and love-bites that many people think of only as "rough" sex also contain elements of sado-masochism."

Source: http://www.psychologistanywhereanytime.com/mobile/sexual_problems_pyschologist/psychologist_sadomasochism.htm 

Sadist/masochist = dominant/submissive

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"Contract with the Skin" by Kathy O'Dell (1998)

"Shoot" by Chris Burden (1971)

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His performance consisted in a trained sharpshooter shooting  him (with a distance of 15 feet aprox) with a riffle. Burden was given medical attention as an emergency because of the severe injury. 

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The artist didn't consider himself as a masochist. I think this was because he didn't get any pleasure by the shoot itself or the pain/injury that it caused. He was really focused in the connection between the audience and the performance (himself, the shooter and the act itself). Nobody (the audience) tried to stop the performance, they knew that he was getting shot and everyone wanted to see that and I think that was what Burden intended to do. His art was so important for him that he got shot for it. Even though being shot didn't give him pleasure at all, I think that the reaction of people and the impact that he caused was what gave him satisfaction.

A masochist: A violent act to himself -> pleasure

Burden: A violent act to himself -> the reaction of people -> pleasure

So is he truly a masochist?

"Trademarks" by Vito Acconci (1970)

The artist sat naked on the floor of a studio in front of a photographer and started biting his own body while being photographed. After that, he put ink in his "injuries" and started stamping various surfaces. 

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"Marina Abramovic: The Artist is Present" by Klaus Biesenbach (2008)

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"Rhythm 0" by Marina Abramovic (1974)

"In 1974, Marina Abramovic did a terrifying experiment. At a gallery in her native Belgrade, Serbia, she laid out 72 items on a trestle table and invited the public to use them on her in any way they saw fit. Some of the items were benign; a feather boa, some olive oil, roses. Others were not. "I had a pistol with bullets in it, my dear. I was ready to die." At the end of six hours, she walked away, dripping with blood and tears, but alive. "How lucky I am," she says in her still heavy accent, and laughs."

Source: https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2014/may/12/marina-abramovic-ready-to-die-serpentine-gallery-512-hours

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This performance started 8 pm and ended 2 am in Naples. Marina took fully responsibilty of what happened to her body because she said that she was an object during those 6 hours. She bleeded and cried during the performance but she knew that those reactions would possibly happen. 

In masochism, the submissive likes to feel manipulated as if he/she was an object. Marina did this because she believed in her art and a masochist would do that for pleasure. Would Abramovic's art gave her pleasure?

"Rhythm 2" by Marina Abramovic (1974)

The artist took pills for acute catatonia and schizophrenia. The performance was 6 full hours of experimenting with changes in her body (again, she is using herself as an object). Her muscles contracted and she lost consciousness. The performance ended when the effects did too. 

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