Lycra or Spandex is a synthetic fiber used mostly for clothing such as sportswear, swimsuits, underwear, etc.
"LYCRA® fiber enhances each fabric and garment in which it is used, providing a comfortable fit wash after wash, perfect shape move after move, lasting performance time after time, and ultimate durability day after day."
LYCRA is the brand.
- Lycra -> Flexible -> stretch -> yoga
- Lycra -> comfort
- Lycra -> bikinis -> summer -> fun
"Lycra often is blended with other fabrics, such as cotton, nylon and polyester to give a garment an additional level of comfort. Only a small percentage of Lycra is used---3 to 10 per cent---depending on the item and its use. The practice is so common that most people have Lycra- (or spandex) blended garment in their closet, in the form of jeans, a hoodie or a sweater."
lycra could be used to compose both organic and geometric shapes/art pieces. It is interesting for me because people could see through a lot of types of lycra but there are other types that are not "see-through" at all. There is a lot of variety of this material so it would be interesting to see an instalation only of lycra (experimenting with its variety).
Brazilian sculptor who uses a lot of textures in his work (including lycra).
"His practice explores the boundaries of physical and social space through interactive, tactile, and biomorphic structures."
His work is presented in an organic composition. I like how people interact with his instalations. It reminds me of the interior of the human body or other living things. Also to the show "Stranger Things".
Austrian sculptor, performer and photographer. He is well-known for his "one minute sculptures".
Many of his work involves human silhouettes.
- Thats why lycra is a good media
His work make me feel like if this human figures were monsters or were transitioning from humans to monsters. Maybe humans mutating or evolving?
"Shapes: Geometric Forms in Graphic Design" by Wang Shaoquiang
Kizsports & Gym by Loke Kah Wai
I like the way that the artist play with the shapes, colours and letters. It makes me think of kids in primary school.
B. Visible - Okulus Drift by Daniel Triendl
This work makes me think of an album cover or a design made to create patterns for textiles.
Donots - Karacho.LP Artwork. by Rocket & Wink
"Simplicity, the Charm of Minimalism" by Wang Shaoquiang
26 by Olesia Li
Lukas Strociak Retouching by Noeeko
Bolgeblikk by Tank Design
Even though this logos and typographies are used for graphic design, I think that they could look good in repetitions in order to create patterns and be in fabric and clothes.
Where? Neck, mouth, tongue, fingers, hand, eyes, ears, eyebrows, EVERYWHERE IN THE BODY.
Designing jewelry (like designing everything) depends on what is happening in the world at the moment, culture, tradition, beliefs, etc. Jewelry could define your status in society or to which subculture you belong.
Products have more impact if they are made by non expected objects.
"I am interested in relation to material and I,or to object and body,to object and infinit. I am enchanted by the nature of rubber and try to create my art."
She combines the movement of dancers with the shape of her artwork. Her work ends up being a type or performance between the movement and the piece.
Iris Van Herpen
Her clothing line could be, in my opinion, in a gallery, in stages being used by singers or actors, in movies, in red carpets, etc. I want to start experimenting with 3d printing because of her work. She uses different types of media and materials used in her collections.
Observation for "Use It"
What were they doing while sitting? Drawing, chatting, checking their phones, eating, writing, kicking one chair leg, wrapping legs, listening, resting and stretching.
How were they sitting? Leaning forward and backwards, crossing and wrapping legs, sitting backwards, using one more chair to rest their feet, resting their arms at the backseat, lifting knees and lying back.
Were there any 2nd uses for the chair while sitting? Backseat as coat rack, bag rest, book storage, knee rest, bed and stool for drawing/painting.
Where was the people sitting? Chairs, desks, tables, walls, floor, stairs and benches.
These chairs are products that I see everyday in my life and haven't even think about who designed them or why they were designed like that. I think that, after this class, I will start appreciating more the objects that I see in my everyday life or in my routine and start investigating more about them. These chairs were designed like that for a reason that of course had a previous research on how people sit and people's need and behaviours.
Pylon Chair: Reminds me of Theo Jansen's work. It looks like a piece of art that is beautifully made but I can't imagine sitting there and feeling comfortable at the same time. I, honestly, don't think that it was what the designer intended to do though. I like the shapes that this chair projects with its shadow.
The S-Chair: Reminds me of the ribbons used in rhythmic gymnastics and how they move while they were being used.
Poly Chair (2006)
- Reminds me of lava
"Max Lamb’s chair designs suggest an aggressiveness that is characteristic of the atavistic spirit in design today. In stark contrast to recent ethereal and romanticised design, or designs that transfer directly from computer to machine manufacture without human intervention, Lamb laboriously chisels, buries, grows and smelts materials into rugged and bold forms."
It is satisfying to know that a product was made by hand and not by a machine. I know that nowadays there is a lot of technology and it makes thinks easier and procedures faster but, for sure, I appreciate more an object that had more human effort on it.
John Edwards (1996)
Placed in Shoreditch Park because it is in front of the Gainsborough Studios were Hitchcock worked in his early years.
Statue of Hugh Myddelton
By Mason Jackson (1862)
- Wood engraving
This is the statue of a the man who was the leader of the reconstruction of the New River. He is represented holding the rolled plans of the river.
The drapes of his shorts is what made me so interested on this statue.
Angel Wings and Halo
By Wolfgang Buttress and Fiona Heron (2003)
The Angel Wings are places at the centre of the Islington Shopping Plaza. This will be replaced soon but it has been place there since 2003. This structure reminds me of Iris Van Herpen's work. I relate this to her work because she also have used lots of pointy shapes in her structures.
The Halo is suspended between 2 buildings of the shopping plaza exactly at the opposite place of the wings. The piece reminds me of a bird's nest.
"Paper", "clothes", "order", "origami", "boardgames", "laundry" and "sofa-beds" were some of the words that came out when me and my group were brainstorming about the process FOLD.
We fold everyday: papers, clothes after laundry, blankets after napping, etc.
"to bend something, especially paper or cloth, so that one part of it lies on the other part, or to be able to be bent in this way:
- I folded the letter (in half) and put it in an envelope.
- He had a neatly folded handkerchief in his jacket pocket.
- Will you help me to fold (up) the sheets?
- The table folds up when not in use.
[ T ] literary to wrap:
- She folded her baby in a blanket.
- He folded his arms around her."
After thinking of the word "wrap" I realized that the verb "fold" could also apply for food, people, animals. The possibilities grew.
"Folding Techniques for Designers: From Sheet to Form" by Paul Jackson
I feel like this objects could be inspiration for architectonical buildings and to fashion pieces.
"A system of physical postures, breathing techniques, and sometimes meditation derived from Yoga but often practiced independently especially in Western cultures to promote physical and emotional well-being."
A lot of yoga postures involve people folding themselves. This practice, for me, would work really well as a performance piece. Mixing yoga postures with sound and back round images would be powerful and peaceful at the same time.
"Dress Pattern Designing: The Basic Principles of Cut and Fit" by Natalie Bray
Angelo Figus (Winter 2000-2001)
The moldes of this piece will be cut, sewed together and then be folded when ironing it.
I like how those shapes doesn't even look like the final garment but when they are joined together they form a beautiful shirt with lots of details.
"Wrap & Drape Fashion: History, Design & Drawing" by Elisabetta 'Kuky' Drudi
People literally being wrapped by fabric/clothes.
"Human relationships, narratives, memory recall and loss, and material and experiential processes are central to her practice. Social and creative connections and collaborations are created by developing projects that bring people together to engage in social storytelling and making as forms of participatory arts practice. Her cross-disciplinary approach, spanning the art jewelry field, craftivism, and neuropsychology, hands the participants a central role in both the process and the outcome."
Jewelry doesn't always have to be for creating status.
I saw his exhibition this past summer in Lima, Perú. It is really inspiring how this artist gave life to some meaningless objects and convert them in "his monsters". His pieces make me think of animals and bugs. It seems like there was a lot of previous study on physics before creating them.
Animaris Currens Vaporis
Foldable -> Less space occupied.
Collapsible Garment Hanger
Pax/Shelfs, and Table
"People say I am the king of painful shoes. I don't want to create painful shoes, but it is not my job to create something comfortable. I try to make high heels as comfortable as they can be, but my priority is design, beauty and sexiness. I'm not against them, but comfort is not my focus." - Christian Louboutin
Iris Van Herpen x United Nude
I like how the silhouette of both shoes are different and, for me, they look very futuristic.
"A 3D printing collaboration with Julia Koerner and Materialise fuses the artisanal with the technical to create a kinetic dress which dances as it amplifies bodily movement. The Iris Van Herpen × United Nude Boot overrules the natural shape of the foot; this makes the graphically leather moulded boots futuristic sculptures extending the legs with a new silhouette into motion. Iris Van Herpen and United Nude is a match made in heaven from day one, as they are both not afraid of breaking boundaries by experimentation with design and technology."
Studied Jewelry Design at CSM. Her work reminds me of futurism. I could visualize her pieces in a science fiction movie or in a gallery. Her pieces are beautifully made. I have a lot of interest in small details and in hand made art pieces. This is for sure an artist I will start looking up to.
The Innocents (2002)
By Taryn Simon, Peter Neufeld, Barry Scheck and Althea Wasow
- Innocent people who were convicted by crimes and then proved innocents.
- Photos suggesting fake things
- Photos representing other photos
Waste Not (2012)
by Song Dong
"Waste Not, an installation that gathers over 10,000 everyday objects collected by Song Dong's mother over a period of five decades, reflects on the Chinese artist's childhood during the Cultural Revolution."
The piece is literally organized waste put together. Is a collaboration with his mother. It represents cultural history. For me it is really interesting to see what objects does a Chinese family could have in their homes. I like how they put together all the objects but it also makes me think on other ways of organizing them. Instead of putting everything in a flat surface they could have also used 2 floors to present them or even in shelfs.
The Brown Sisters
By Nicholas Nixon
The artist collects pictures every year of the 4 Brown Sisters. It is interesting because you could see how every year they grow older, change, their fashion and more. You could even see the relationship between the sisters. I know they are only pictures but sometimes they are hugging and sometimes they are not even touching each other and people could interpret it as if they had a bad year between each other or the other way round with every picture. Their personalities could also be reflected in these pictures. When I think of this collection, I think of a timeline where people could compare and contrast the pictures.
Looking for other artist that algo collected stuff I found Erik Kessels. "24 HRS IN PHOTOS".
I think that his instalation/art piece/interactive piece was trying to represent how we are so depended and connected to social media and also to consumism. I relate the way the pictures are placed and presented to piles of garbage.
Camden Town Hall Anexe
"Brutalism is an architectural style of the 1950s and 1960s characterised by simple, block-like forms and raw concrete construction"
"The redevelopment of Camden Town Hall Annexe, also known as the Crosstree Hotel, will see the existing 1970’s concrete frame office building transformed into a 270 bed luxury boutique hotel, located in a prime London location."
I have passed near this building many times because it is in front of Kings Cross Station but I didn't know or noticed it's style belong to Brutalism. The construction will be finished by February of 2018. When I went to see the building, I saw lots of patterns on its construction like the windows, the tubes of construction, the fabric covering its side part and more. I applied those patterns in my work by doing some observational drawings and doing mark making as well. I felt inspired by the shapes and patterns that I found and I decided to use colour representing them. I think what I did could look good if I make repetitions of it and if I place them in fabric.
The Barbican Centre
Patterns on patterns:
Finding patterns in the building and then placing them in other places of the building:
"Pleasure in being abused or dominated :a taste for suffering"
Love/hate, Fiscally/mentally, pleasure/pain, submissive/dominant. The relationship between each pair of words is what makes masochism so interesting and ironic (for me). Before doing research and asking my classmates what they thought of this activity, I knew it have something to do with sex and having pleasure on pain.
What materials are involved in the act masochism? Whips, belts, ropes, duck tapes, handcuffs, etc. When I think of those objects the fist word that comes to my head is VIOLENCE.
"A Defence of Masochism" by Anita Phillips (1998)
It is ironic how the masochist in this story was feeling abused by the lack of concern that the sadist had for her but not because of the violence she received by him. I think that submissives enjoy dominants treating them as objects (or something that is less important than being human). This act could lead to obsession and more violence.
Taboo: "An inhibition or ban resulting from social custom or emotional aversion."
"Sadism and masochism, often interrelated (one person obtaining sadistic pleasure by inflicting pain or suffering on another person who thereby obtains masochistic pleasure), are collectively known as S&M or sadomasochism. BDSM is a short-hand acronym for many subdivisions of the culture: (B&D) bondage and discipline, (D&S) domination and submission, (S&M) sadism and masochism. The term BDSM describes the quite common activities between consenting adults that contain sadistic and masochistic elements. Many behaviors such as erotic spanking, tickling and love-bites that many people think of only as "rough" sex also contain elements of sado-masochism."
Sadist/masochist = dominant/submissive
"Contract with the Skin" by Kathy O'Dell (1998)
"Shoot" by Chris Burden (1971)
His performance consisted in a trained sharpshooter shooting him (with a distance of 15 feet aprox) with a riffle. Burden was given medical attention as an emergency because of the severe injury.
The artist didn't consider himself as a masochist. I think this was because he didn't get any pleasure by the shoot itself or the pain/injury that it caused. He was really focused in the connection between the audience and the performance (himself, the shooter and the act itself). Nobody (the audience) tried to stop the performance, they knew that he was getting shot and everyone wanted to see that and I think that was what Burden intended to do. His art was so important for him that he got shot for it. Even though being shot didn't give him pleasure at all, I think that the reaction of people and the impact that he caused was what gave him satisfaction.
A masochist: A violent act to himself -> pleasure
Burden: A violent act to himself -> the reaction of people -> pleasure
So is he truly a masochist?
"Trademarks" by Vito Acconci (1970)
The artist sat naked on the floor of a studio in front of a photographer and started biting his own body while being photographed. After that, he put ink in his "injuries" and started stamping various surfaces.
"Marina Abramovic: The Artist is Present" by Klaus Biesenbach (2008)
"Rhythm 0" by Marina Abramovic (1974)
"In 1974, Marina Abramovic did a terrifying experiment. At a gallery in her native Belgrade, Serbia, she laid out 72 items on a trestle table and invited the public to use them on her in any way they saw fit. Some of the items were benign; a feather boa, some olive oil, roses. Others were not. "I had a pistol with bullets in it, my dear. I was ready to die." At the end of six hours, she walked away, dripping with blood and tears, but alive. "How lucky I am," she says in her still heavy accent, and laughs."
This performance started 8 pm and ended 2 am in Naples. Marina took fully responsibilty of what happened to her body because she said that she was an object during those 6 hours. She bleeded and cried during the performance but she knew that those reactions would possibly happen.
In masochism, the submissive likes to feel manipulated as if he/she was an object. Marina did this because she believed in her art and a masochist would do that for pleasure. Would Abramovic's art gave her pleasure?
"Rhythm 2" by Marina Abramovic (1974)
The artist took pills for acute catatonia and schizophrenia. The performance was 6 full hours of experimenting with changes in her body (again, she is using herself as an object). Her muscles contracted and she lost consciousness. The performance ended when the effects did too.
"Fontana’s idea of spatial art, a concept that would underpin all of his work after the Second World War, involved two things: a revolution in the materials used to make art – a shift toward new media technology – and a transformation in the conventional relationship between art object and surrounding space."
Fontana's art was simple and conceptual.
"Fontana experimented with both the size and shape of the Tagli and painted a number of the canvases in bright monochrome colours. From the earliest works in the series, he wrote the word 'Attesa', meaning 'expectation' or 'hope', on the back of all the canvases with one cut, and 'Attese' (plural) on all those with multiple cuts. This added a temporal dimension to the generic title 'Spatial Concept', which he gave to all his works from the late 1940s. In 1966 Fontana presented an entire room of white Tagli at the Venice Biennale, claiming that he had found a way of 'giving the spectator an impression of spatial calm, of cosmic rigour, of serenity in infinity' (Crispolti, p.38)."
At first, I understood how many people criticized his job but thats only because they don't know his concept or the meaning of his pieces. His art reminded me of the concept "What is art" and the fact that we should appreciate more the artist work instead of criticize it. What is valuable? is it worth it? It fascinates me how a simple piece of art with a huge concept can be respected and valorized by a lot of people.
"Like the other artists and poets associated with the Surrealist movement, Magritte sought to overthrow what he saw as the oppressive rationalism of bourgeois society. His art during these essential years is at times violent, frequently disturbing, and filled with discontinuities. He consistently interrogated conventions of language and visual representation, using methods that included the misnaming of objects, doubling and repetition, mirroring and concealment, and the depiction of visions seen in half-waking states-all of them devices that cast doubt on the nature of appearances, both in the paintings and in reality itself. The persistent tension Magritte maintained during these years between nature and artifice, truth and fiction, reality and surreality is one of the profound achievements of his art."
Reminds me to philosophy and the act of keep questioning ourselves.
How Often do you Consume Drugs?
DALI & DUCHAMP
(THESE PICTURES WERE TAKEN BEFORE KNOWING THAT I WASN'T ALLOW TO TAKE PICTURES!)
- Conceptual Art
- Used found objects
- Surrealism: surrealist objects functioning symbolically
- Never ironic
- Details in small scale
- Explicit drawings/paintings/prints/texts.
- Voyeuristic and Carnal Pleasure
- Concrete Poetry
- Explored Fauvism, Impressionism, Cubism, Futurism, Photography, etc.
- Fascination with projecting the invisible
- optical effects/illusions
- Erotic interpretation (lots of erotism in both of their works)
- Perception: Same image/object seen in different ways
- Concrete Reality
- Had a fascination on Chess
"Dada was an art movement formed during the First World War in Zurich in negative reaction to the horrors and folly of the war. The art, poetry and performance produced by dada artists is often satirical and nonsensical in nature."
Couple with their heads full of clouds - Salvador Dalí
This was one of the works I saw in the exhibition that I liked the most. It's shape might be inspired in Duchamp's door of André Brenton's Gadiva Gallery in Paris. For me, it is mysterious because it is not clear if we are facing the front or the back of both silhouettes. We don't know as well what their genders are: They could be 2 girls, 2 boys, a boy and a girl or maybe the artist didn't even thought of its genders. The inside of the silhouettes might be, for me, their view of an ideal world. When I was in the exhibition and I was taking notes of this piece, I wrote "CLEAN" but now I'm not sure what that meant. Maybe I wrote that because I thought that the painting was perfectly made (which I still think).
"'The clothes that I prefer are those I invent for a life that doesn't exist yet - the world of tomorrow.'
Pierre Cardin Past, Present, Future, 1990."
He uses a lot of geometric shapes like circules, triangles and rectangles in his fashion pieces (which shows his interest in architecture). Like other designers of this decade, his work reminds me of futurism, astronauts, aliens and space (he used vinyl and silver fabrics in his garments). It is bizarre to see the first designs of Pierre Cardin because we have a Pierre Cardin store in Lima and it doesn't have his most representative designs. Instead, there are just plain menswear.
I decided to look for some research of the artist Gustav Klimt because he uses a lot of patterns in his art pieces and I think that a lot of textile designers could be inspiren in his art pieces. I first discovered the artist when I saw his name on the "Woman in Gold" movie, which I loved. I think that his paintings would look really good printed in fabric (or even better if they were embroidered with golden threads and embellishments) because of the small details and the whole composition of his work. He uses a lot of geometrical shapes as squares, circles, and triangles. I like the way he combines the neutral and dark colours with golden because of the effect that it makes doing contrast.
"He is still remembered as one of the greatest decorative painters of the twentieth century, while also producing one of the century's most significant bodies of erotic art."
When I watched the "Woman in Gold" movie, I didn't think of his work as "erotic" because the movie was about his art piece "Adele Bloch-Bauer" which doesn't present nudity or sex. When he first started painting nude women (XIX century), he was qualified as an obscene artist and that scandalized a lot of people at the time.
Some Designers Inspired by Gustav Klimt's work
Alexander McQueen (Sarah Burton)
"References to Art Deco and the work of Gustav Klimt ran throughout the spectacular Alexander McQueen collection for resort. Creative director Sarah Burton played with contrasts, juxtaposing ultrafeminine dresses with sharp power suits. She worked a large round silver or gold buckle as the leitmotif, putting the focus squarely on the waist for many of the looks."
The designer also uses circles as patterns and black and golden colours as Klimt but I think that if I saw this collection without knowing what her inspiration is, I think I wouldn't relate the garments to Klimt's work.
Christian Dior (John Galliano)
(Spring 2008) The designer used a lot of golden embellishments and geometrical shapes (same as Klimt did). He also did a lot of small details in the garments that made the inspiration very notorious. I think that the designer wanted his inspiration to be really obvious in his collection.
When I was researching about Gustav Klimt, I couldn't stop thinking about the movie "The Danish Girl" because of the erotism and art in that movie. The movie is about 2 artists that were married (Einar and Gerda Wegener) around 1920. Einar Wegener was the first transexual in history and her wife was known because of her erotic paintings and illustrations.
"“She loved makeup and fashion, and didn’t see why embracing these traditionally feminine things should make her any less strong. She wanted it all.” The other string to Gerda’s lyre was eroticism. Her playful nudes, including graphic illustrations for the memoirs of Casanova, were celebrated throughout liberal society for their groundbreaking ploy of depicting female sexual pleasure – “which isn’t something you see too much of in art!”, says Rygg Karberg."
She used to represent a lot of lesbian erotism after her husband started dressing up and living his daily life as a woman.